What is kidney disease?
Kidney disease can affect your body’s ability to clean your blood, filter extra water out of your blood, and help control your blood pressure.
Your kidneys are a pair of organs located toward your lower back. One kidney is on each side of your spine. They filter your blood and remove toxins from your body. Your kidneys send toxins to your bladder. Your body later removes toxins during urination.
Your body becomes overloaded with toxins if your kidneys can’t do their regular job. This can lead to kidney failure and even be life-threatening if it’s left untreated.
High blood pressure, a family history of kidney problems, diabetes, or progressing age add to the risk of kidney troubles and hence it is important you get yourself tested for any lurking kidney disease and get timely treatment.
Here are the warning signs your body will give you if your kidney is malfunctioning. Look out for the symptoms and act before it's too late.
1. Changes in Urinary Function
The first symptom of kidney disease is the sudden change in your urinary function. The change may be in the quantity and regularity of the urine that you usually pass. Other changes may include:
- Waking up during the night a few times just to urinate.
- Urge to urinate more often but not be able to do so while using the restroom.
- The color of the urine is darker than the usual.
- The urine seems to become foamy or bubbly.
- The urine contains blood.
- Having a hard time in urinating.
- There is a pain or a burning feeling while urinating.
2. Swelling in the Body
It is the responsibility of the kidneys to eliminate the waste and excess liquid from the body. When this situation did not actually happen, the excess fluid and water that was build up will lead to swelling. This can be seen in the hands, feet, ankle joints, face and under the eyes.
3. Severe Fatigue and Weakness
When both of the kidneys do not function correctly, there is a high risk of feeling fatigue most of the time. You may actually feel tired, exhausted, or complete lack of energy without any reason why. Two common reasons for these symptoms are anemia and buildup of waste products inside the body.
If kidney disease leads to anemia, you may undergo from numerous dizziness, which is a feeling of light-headedness and the instability or loss of balance. This happens because anemia can actually stop your brain from receiving enough oxygen that it needed.
5. Unexplained Back Pain
Unexplained aches and pains in the back and even on the sides of your abdomen can be one of the symptoms of un-diagnosed kidney disease. When both of your kidneys or one of it does not function correctly, you may suffer from pain, painfulness, and fluid in the joints.
6. Skin Breakouts and Itching
Unexpected skin breakouts, rashes, annoyance, and excessive itching are also symptoms of some kind of kidney problems. Incorrect kidney functioning ads up to the accumulation of waste products and toxins inside the body, which leads to several skin problems.
7. Ammonia Breath
Kidney disease can lead to a metallic taste in the mouth or also known as ammonia breath. This occurs due to poor kidney functioning that can result to an upsurge in the level of urea in the blood. Urea has been broken down to ammonia in the saliva, which causes urine-like bad breath that is called ammonia breath.
8. Nausea or Vomiting
Nausea, vomiting and reduced appetite are one of the very common gastrointestinal symptoms among people who are experiencing kidney disease. Nausea and vomiting commonly happen when you wake up early in the morning. As the kidneys were not able to clean the dangerous toxins out of the blood which leads to a buildup of extra urea nitrogen in the bloodstream. This reason arouses the gastrointestinal mucosa and results to nausea and vomiting.
9. Feeling Cold Most of the time
This one is another symptom of anemia that is caused by kidney disease. You may actually feel cold most of the time without any reason and even if you are in a warm environment. There are times that you may even suffer from fever with chills.
10. Shortness of Breath
Shortness of breath can also be one of the reasons behind kidney disease. Poor kidney functioning can result to excessive fluid accumulation in the lungs. Shortness of breath can also be due to anemia that is often caused by kidney issues.
11. Difficulty in Sleeping
The toxic build-up in the blood caused by ill-functioning kidneys can make it difficult for a person to fall sleep.
12. Poor Concentration
Kidney related anaemia can starve your brain of oxygen and result in poor concentration, weak memory, dizziness, and even weakness.
13. Change in taste or Poor Appetite
The waste accumulated in the blood due to failing kidneys can change your taste and render a metallic taste in the mouth, irrespective of whatever you eat. You will also notice an aversion to meat and/or poor appetite.
14. Muscle Cramps
Impaired kidney function can cause electrolyte imbalance. This, in turn, may cause muscle cramps due to low calcium levels or poorly controlled phosphorus.
If you notice one or more of these symptoms, it is advisable to consult your doctor and get a proper diagnosis done. Timely treatment may help you recover and avoid further problems.
SOURCE: READ AND DIGEST PH
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